About Himachal

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Himachal History

The history of the area that now constitutes Himachal Pradesh dates back to the time when the Indus valley civilisation flourished between 2250 and 1750 BCE. Tribes such as the Koilis, Halis, Dagis, Dhaugris, Dasa, Khasas, Kinnars and Kirats inhabited the region from pre-histotic era. During the Vedic period, several small republics known as “Janapada” existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire. After a brief period of supremacy by king Harshavardhana, the region was once again divided into several local powers headed by chieftains, including some Rajput prinicipalities. These kingdoms that enjoyed a large degree of independence were devastated by Muslim invaders a number of times. Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Kangra at the beginning of the 10th century. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles. Several hill states acknowledged Mughal suzerainty and paid regular tribute to the Mughals.
Sansar Chand
Sansar Chand
The Gorkhas,a martial tribe came to power in Nepalin the year 1768. They consolidated their militarypower and began to expand their territory. Gradually the Gorkhas annexed Sirmour and Amar Singh Thapa, Gorkhas laid siege to Kangra. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand, the ruler of Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809. After the defeat the Gorkhas began to expand towards the south of the state. However,Raja Ram Singh,Raja of Siba State re-captured the fort of Siba from the army of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in Samvat 1846.This led to the Anglo-Sikh War. They came into direct conflict.They came into direct conflict with the Britishalong the tarai belt after which the British expelled them from the provinces of the Satluj.
Thus the British gradually emerged as the paramount powers. The revolt of 1857 or first Indian war of independence resulted due to the building up of political, social, economic, religious and military grievances against the British government. People of the hill states were not as politically active as the people in other parts of the country. They remained more or less inactive and so did their rulers, with the exception of Bushahr. Some of them even rendered help to the British government during the revolt. Among them were the rulers of ChambaBilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami. The rulers of Bushars rather acted in a manner hostile to the interests of British.The British territories in the hill came under British Crown after Queen Victoria’s proclamation of 1858. The states of ChambaMandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British rule. During World War I, virtually all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort both in the form of men and materials. Amongst these were the states of Kangra, Jaswan, ,DatarpurNurpur,ChambaSuketMandi and ,Bilaspur.After independence the Chief Commissioner’s Province of H.P. came into being onShimla and southern hill areas of the former Punjab region.Himachal became a part C state on 26 January 1950 with the implementation of the Constitution of India.Himachal Pradesh became a Union Territory on 1 November 1956.On 18 December 1970 the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971. Thus Himachal emerged as the eighteenth state of the Indian Union.

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